January 14 - "The sole agent in nature": The meanings of ενέργεια
Vaclav Smil, "Energy in world history," Energy and Civilization: A History (2017), 385-417.
French: "énergie," Diderot, Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, par une Société de Gens de lettres, vol. 5 (1755). Or this better facsimile.
English: "energy," Johnson, A Dictionary of the English Language (1755).
English: "energy," Johnson, A Dictionary of the English Language, 9th ed., vol. 2 (1805).
See also the "lexicon of energy" below (Croat, Czech, German, Hungarian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Slovenian, Ottoman Turkish, Ukrainian, depending on student interests)
Erasmus Darwin, Zoonomia; Or, the Laws of Organic Life, 3rd. ed. (1809).
Robert P. Crease, "Energy in the history and philosophy of science," Encyclopedia of Energy (2004).
Gerhard Schaefer, "Verschiedene Sprachkulturen rund um Energie," in Herausforderung Energie (2011).
A collection of early usages of "energy" and related terms in dictionaries and encyclopedias