There were different philosophical (scientific) schools in the Hellenistic realm. Emperor Marcus Aurelius famously founded four philosophical chairs in Athens in 176: one each for the Platonists, the Epicureans, the Peripatetics and the Stoics. These schools had widely different theologies. The class will show their different assumptions about the cosmos and the divinities.
Chr. Stead, Philosophy in Christian Antiquity (1994), 31-79.