* * * * * Note different time: Thursday, December 17, at 15:30. * * * * *
"The scientist today cannot practice his calling in isolation," wrote Hungarian chemist Michael Polanyi in 1942. "He must occupy a definite position within a framework of institutions. A chemist becomes a member of the chemical profession; a zoologist, a mathematician or a psychologist—each belongs to a particular group of specialized scientist. The different groups of scientists together form the scientific community." Jewish and twice exiled, Polanyi did not invariably appeal to the global fungibility of the scientific community and its universal ideas, but was more intent on establishing the conditions of its "self-government." Its formation was constrained by history, culture, and tradition.
Michael Polanyi, "The autonomy of science" The Scientific Monthly 60 (1945 ): 141-150.
Thomas S. Kuhn, "Progress through revolutions," The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962), 160-173. [And numerous copies available in library.]
Robert K. Merton, “A note on science and
democracy,” Journal of Legal and Political Sociology 1 (1942):