Marx and Engels, "He becomes an appendage of the machine," in section 1, "Bourgeois and proletarians," from The Communist Manifesto (1848). [Read this whole section, but concentrate on the middle portion, where they spell out their position on machinery.] [Feel free to read this in any one of eighty languages.]W. O. Atwater and F. G. Benedict, "The respiration calorimeter," Yearbook of the Department of Agriculture (1904): 205-220.
Anson Rabinbach, The Human Motor: Energy, Fatigue, and the Origins of Modernity (1990), chapter 5.
Ken Alder, "Making Things the Same: Representation, Tolerance and the End of the Ancien Regime in France," Social Studies of Science 28 (1998): 499-545.
Donald Mackenzie, "Marx and the Machine," Technology and Culture 25 (1984): 473-502.
Bruce Bimber, "Karl Marx and the three faces of technological determinism," Social Studies of Science 20 (1990): 333-351.
Ken Alder, Engineering the Revolution: Arms and Enlightenment in France, 1763-1815 (1997).
Esther Kingston-Mann, In Search of the True West: Culture, Economics, and Problems of Russian Development (1999).Nathan Zuntz and Wilhelm Schumburg, Studien zu einer Physiologie des Marsches (1901).
Josefa Ioteyko, The Science of Labour and Its Organization (1919).
Jennifer Karns Alexander, The Mantra of Efficiency: From Waterwheel to Social Control (2008).
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