|QualitativeMethods Nationalism2019 Syllabus|
|Week 1: Introduction to qualitative methods. Qualitative investigation of nationalism and ethnicity||Week 1 Introduction to qualitative methods||
What are methods? What do they do for us?
What are qualitative methods?
Studying everyday nationhood and vernacular forms of neo-nationalism
Applying qualitative methods in nationalism studies
Studying ethnicity and ethnic identities with qualitative methods
Denzin, Norman and Yvonna S. Lincoln (2011): The Discipline and Practice of Qualitative Research and Part I: Locating the Field. In: Denzin, Norman and Yvonna S. Lincoln ed. Handbook of Qualitative Research. Sage, 1-26.
Schiff, Claire (2014): Introduction: Understanding the Salience of Ethnicity in the Educational Experiences of Minority Adolescences across Europe. And Margit, Feischmidt: Dampened Voices. A Comparative Look at Roma Adolescences’ Discourses of Being ‘Othered’ at School. Both In: Szalai, J. and Schiff, C. ed. Migrant, Roma and Post-Colonial Youth in Education across Europe. Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, 1-15 and 120-135.
Fox, Jon and Miller-Idriss, Cynthia “Everyday Nationhood”. Ethnicities, 2008, 8 (4), 536-582.
|Week 2: Research question and research structure||Week 2 Research question and research structure||
Research question and research structure
What is it you want to research? Why? Why does it matter?
Research questions originating from everyday experiences
Literature review. Refine your research question in analytical terms
How do you go about finding the answers?
Choosing and mixing methods
Choosing your field and research subjects
Example: Research plan
Assignment: research plan
Choose a topic (potential thesis topic) and formulate it into a research plan that indicates what you will study, what you want to find out, and what you want to understand or show through this inquiry. Indicate the methods and the analytic concepts to be applied.
Please bring the research plan (1,5-2 page, 3000-4000 characters) to the next class.
Hammersley, Martyn and Paul Atkinson (1983): Research design. Problems, cases and samples. In: Ibid: Ethnography: Principles and Practice. London, NY: Routledge 23-53.
Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb and Joseph M. Williams “From Topics to Questions” and “From Questions to Problems.” (1993): In Ibid. The Craft of Research. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 29-63.
|Week 3: Ethnographic methods||Week 3 3.1. Discussion: students’ research plans 3.2. Entering the field and doing participant observation||
3.1. Discussion: students’ research plans
Please, bring with you and be prepared to read it out your research plan.
3.2. Entering the field and doing ethnographic research
How to select research settings and cases?
How can you find the informants?
How to establish relationships?
Stages of participant observation (entering the field and doing participative research)
How to deal with personal attachments?
What anthropologists do with fieldnotes? Professional and personal uses and meanings of fieldnotes
Writing up fieldnotes. Concepts and styles in writing fieldnotes
Organizing descriptions based on fieldnotes
Schensul, Stephen (1999): Entering the field. In: Schensul, Stephen et al ed. Essential Ethnographic Methods. Seven Oaks Innovation. CA: Altamira Press, 69-89
Bernhard, R. Participant observation. (2006): Ch 7 in Bernhard R. Research Methods in Anthropology. Oxford: Altamira Press, 136-164.
Robert M. Emerson, Rachel I. Fretz and Linda L. Shaw (1995): “Fieldnotes in Ethnographic Research” and “In the Field: Participating, Observing, and Jotting Notes,” In: Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995): 1-38.
Assignment: Field notes and ethnographic observation
Choose a field where you can do participant observation (min. two times in the field). Make a description of the observed event, interactions etc. based on your fieldnotes (max. 2 pages, 4000 characters) and bring your ethnographic description to the last class. (Week 5)
|Week 4: Interview methods: Unstructured, semi-structured individual interviews. Focus group interviews||Week 4 Field notes and ethnography||
Interview methods: Unstructured, semi-structured individual interviews. Focus group interviews
Structure, setting, and the role of the interviewer
Interview types based on the research aim and degree of control
Oral history, narrative interview
Semi-structured individual interview
How to stimulate the interviewee to produce more information?
Interview guide examples: semi-structured and structured individual interview
Interview guide example and exercise (In the class make a draft of your interview guide wording, order, and content of questions)
Bernard, R (2006): Unstructured and semi-structured interviewing. In Bernard R. Research Methods in Anthropology. Oxford: Altamira Press, 208-236
Briggs, Charles (1983) Learning how to Ask. Cambridge: CUP. Chapter 5 93-111.
Holstein, James and Jaber Gubrium (1997) Active Interviewing. In: Silverman, David (ed.) Qualitative research: theory, method, and practice. London, Sage 113-129
Morgan, David L. (1997) Focus group as qualitative research. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications.
Semi-structured individual and focus group interview guides
Assignment: interview guide
Please prepare and bring your interview guides to the next last class. (Week 5)
|Week 6: Writing: ethnography and the argumentative empirical study||Week 6 Interviewing||
Writing: ethnography and the argumentative empirical study
Creative reading, creative writing
Writing up: making arguments flow from the data
Interpretation, pre-existing theories and assumptions
Robert M. Emerson, Rachel I. Fretz and Linda L. Shaw (1995): Writing an Ethnography. In: Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995): 166-210.
Hammersley, Martyn and Paul Atkinson (1983): The Process of Analysis. In: Ibid: Ethnography: Principles and Practice. London: Routledge 23-53.
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