The temporal focus of the course is on the first half of the 16th century; however, in order to provide the necessary context, earlier reform movements (Hussites, Devotio Moderna, Biblical Humanism) will be taken into consideration. The course will focus on intellectual history and explore the thought of key figures of the reformation, such as Martin Luther, John Calvin, Huldrych Zwingli, Philipp Melanchthon, Andreas Karlstadt, and Thomas Müntzer. While the reading seminar will discuss essential texts of these authors, the lecture will situate them in the political, social, ecclesiastical, and educational landscapes of Europe at that time.

Some of the overarching themes are:
·         the social and political organization of the Christian community
·         the imagined relation between heavenly and earthly order
·         the relation between spiritual and temporal authority
·         educational policies of the reformers
·         the religious qualification of rulers
·         obedience and resistance
·         radicalism and the legitimacy of violence