The course will provide an overview and analysis of various state-organized acts of violence, examples of ethnic cleansing, genocides and mass murders during the twentieth century. Questions and events in focus will be examined through a coherent conceptual framework and with a strong comparative aspect. The focus of the comparative approach will be the history of the Holocaust, using the Nazi attempt to destroy European Jewry as a main reference point. The analysis will focus on the historical, cultural and social contexts, stressing structural similarities and dissimilarities among the examined events. The final section of the course will explore the spatial, cultural and political memory of the Holocaust and other genocides.