The course provides an introduction into current-day philosophically inspired cognitive developmental theory and evolutionary perspectives of the nature of human concepts and their origins. It covers the current theorizing and empirical research on the central issues of the phylogenetic and ontogenetic origins of concepts and the nature of the human mind’s ability for conceptual change. The core reading for the course will be the book by Susan Carey entitled “The origin of concepts” (OUP, 2009). The in-depth reading and discussion of this representative book and some additional papers will cover the comparative analysis of the nature of processes of conceptual change, reorganization, and theory construction in cognitive development on the one hand, and in history of science, on the other.