The course will discuss the relationship between science and philosophy from Thales to Plato’s Timaeus, based on the relevant fragments of the Presocratic philosophers and sections from Hippocratic treatises. The primary questions will be the following:

Science and natural philosophy: what is the difference and what difference does it make?
What were the basic phenomena and explananda in cosmology, astronomy, and medicine?
What was the role of observation?
What is the role of theoretical models and methods of visualisation?
What are the specificities of Greek mathematics? How is it related to philosophy?