The aim of this course is to explore how anthropological methods have been applied and with what success in the study of ethnic, racial and national conflicts or movements. The course will both introduce you to methodologically outstanding attempts to operationalise the theoretical models you meet elsewhere in this degree (Gellner, Anderson, Smith et al.) and make you familiar with a specifically anthropological discussion of notions of "culture", "identity" and "society". The course is deliberately eclectic in regional focii, though there is a recurring interest in the experience of eastern Europe and one whole section of the course deals with the experience of Roms and Gypsies across our continent. As befits an anthropological course, the perspective is systematically comparative and insights from both Pacific and South Asian history are considered at some length.