The course will introduce students to vulnerability and adaptation studies, including (but not limited to) concepts, tools and methods of vulnerability, adaptation and resilience, and to management approaches developed with advances in adaptation science in mind. Although a significant portion of the course will draw on examples from climate change adaptation case studies and practices, its scope is broader, and other significant aspects of global environmental change will also be covered.

The purpose of this course is to provide students with a basic understanding of the various types of economics oriented environmental policy instruments discussed in the academic environmental economics literature and employed by policy makers on the ground in democratic societies. Review of three basic types of economics oriented environmental policy instruments - Performance Related Standards; Taxation & Subsidy; and Market Based Instruments – will form the basis for the course, which is intended to complement and to draw upon learning in policy analysis undertaken in other modules of the course.

This course orients the students in career choices for environmental professionals