What decisions do we take when they involve others' choices and welfare?
Studies show that people do take into consideration the consequences that
their decisions will have on others. They also predict what others will do and
decide accordingly.
We will read and discuss papers about the psychological factors that underpin
decision-making when interacting with others. We will see that these
decisions depend on social or “other-regarding” preferences and we look at
different attempts to specify what these preferences are. The decisions taken
when interacting with others also depend on how others are predicted to
behave. We will investigate how these predictions are formed and their effects
on decision-making.
The course will have three parts:
1. An introduction to behavioural economics
2. Studies on other-regarding preferences
3. Studies on strategic decision making

Venue: Oktober 6 street 7, 1st floor, room 103.

Development of perception and action

Claes von Hofsten and Kerstin Rosander

Perception and action are the complements of each other.  No action could exist without perception and perception relies ultimately on action. Together they form functional systems around which adaptive behavior develop. According to this view, the starting point of development is not a set of reflexes triggered by external stimuli, but a set of action systems that are activated by the infant. Thus, dynamic systems are formed in which the development of the nervous system and the development of actions mutually influence each other. Actions are directed into the future and their control is based on knowledge of what is going to happen next. Such embodied knowledge is available because events are governed by rules and regularities. Development is about how the child acquires such knowledge. It is about understanding physical events, one’s own actions, and other people’s actions.

In this course we will discuss basic perception-action concepts like, affordances, prediction, embodied cognition, mirror neurons. We will also discuss specific action developments such as looking reaching and locomotion and finally we will discuss pathologies like autism.

Venue: Oktober 6 street 7, 1st floor, room 103.

This course will cover the basic topics of Experimental Statistics and Research Methods for Behavioral Sciences. It will comprise the subjects of scales, descriptive statistics, frequentist inferential statistics including independent and repeated measure t-tests, one- and two-way ANOVAs, effect sizes, correlational and regression analysis, and selected nonparametric methods. In addition, the basics of Bayesian statistics will be introduced and contrasted with frequentist statistics. The course will also survey the details of designing, conducting, analyzing, interpreting, and communicating scientific psychological research. Finally, students will learn how to use SPSS for statistical analysis.

Venue; Oktober 6 street 7, 1st floor, room 103.

This course introduces students to the ongoing research at the Cognitive Development Center. It provides an overview of contemporary theories and research techniques of cognitive development of human infants below 2 years of age, focusing on the domain of social cognition. The course also involves laboratory practice to familiarize students with research techniques including behavioral, eye-tracking and neuroimaging methods.

Venue: Oktober 6 street 7, 1st floor, room 103.

This course will give a broad overview of the fundamental assumptions and findings in Cognitive Science, the interdisciplinary study of the mind. The lectures in the first half of the course will cover the main ideas that have been driving the study of the human mind for the last fifty years. These will include the view that the mind functions like a digital computer, the view that the mind functions like a neural network, and the view that the mind should be conceived of as a dynamical system closely tied to the environment. The lectures in the second half will give an overview of important topics in Cognitive Science including perception, memory, thinking, and language.

Venue: Oktober 6 street 7, 1st floor, room 103.

This course will cover recent theories and empirical research addressing the human ability to perform actions together. We will review theories highlighting the role of thinking and planning ahead as well as theories focusing on basic perceptual and motor processes that allow people to perform highly coordinated actions such as dancing a tango together. We will discuss research articles reporting behavioral and neuroscience experiments in this rapidly growing field. The course will also provide an overview of the different research methods that have been used in joint action research.

Venue: Oktober 6 street 7, 1st floor, room 103.

JASyllabus2015.docxJASyllabus2015.docx

Venue: Oktober 6 street 7, 1st floor, room 103.

We can achieve understanding at many different levels – from sensing that someone sitting next to us is cold to knowing that we agree or disagree with someone on, say, a certain environmental policy. This course will explore the individual level processes that can lead to understanding in human interaction and discuss how the nature of these processes influences the way in which misunderstandings arise. The course will cover shared perceptual, motor, and emotional processes that are largely operating at the sub-personal level and processes that generate alignment and shared meaning in a more explicit manner.

This course will be built around the contemporary research of vision. First, it will cover the classical approaches of low and high-level vision, visual learning, the neural implementation of perception and learning in the brain, and computational models. Next, it will critically evaluate the state-of-the-art and explore alternative approaches to the same issues. Specifically, it will discuss the probabilistic view on vision, and how it changes the research questions in focus. We will investigate how statistical learning, rule learning, perception and cue-combination as probabilistic inference can expand the range of interpretable phenomena in vision. We will also cover the issue of possible neural embodiment of such computations and review evidence that supports such an interpretation.

Venue: Oktober 6 street 7, 1st floor, room 103.