The study of global governance and order is one of the most critical subjects for international relations scholars and policy communities today. With the ongoing global power shift, the concept and practice of global governance and order are changing. This course examines the evolution of the liberal international order that underpins the existing system of global governance, and the challenges that order faces in view of the rise of new powers such as the BRICS which has led to the demands for reforming existing global institutions. A key purpose of the course is to highlight the contribution of non-Western actors to global governance and order-building.  Also addressed in the course is the growing nexus between regional and global approaches to governance and multilateralism, resulting in different and contrasting patterns of interaction and cooperation within and between regions. In conclusion, the course focuses on the future of global order and governance in an increasingly multipolar or multiplex world. 

Over the last four decades, the world has witnessed the transition of political regimes from different forms of autocracy to various new types of political regimes. The current situation provides ground for disparate, and sometimes outright contradictory, diagnoses about the present state of democracy around the globe and its future development. Clear non-democracies like China show economic growth rates that are overwhelming both in size and duration and rulers in places like Russia and elsewhere have devised sophisticated measures to secure their power and order that turn their political system into hybrid regimes. At the same time, popular uprisings in the Middle East and Northern Africa have brought down long-standing dictators and citizens seek not only social justice and economic growth but also political democracy.

This course is designed to give a broad overview of the literature on the processes of political regime transition in the late 20th and early 21st century. The aim is to provide students with the anaytic tools, theories, and concepts that enable them to make better sense of the current political processes in countries around the globe. The list of concepts discussed is comprised of, among others, types of transitions, hybrid regimes, the consolidation, and the qualities of democracy. The topic of this course will be dealt with from a global perspective. We will thus attempt to capture cases and evidence from different world regions. More generally, we will approach the topic of regime changes from the empirical-analytic research tradition.